Question: Why Did Margaret Thatcher Close The Mines?

What working conditions did Miners have to endure in the coal mines?

Some mines were very hot and wet, or hot and dusty.

Dust was formed as stone and coal were worked by pick.

Poor ventilation meant that the dust stayed in the air underground.

In some mines, it was so hot that workers wore little or no clothing whilst they worked..

How much coal is left in the UK?

The UK has identified hard coal resources of 3 910 million tonnes, although total resources could be as large as 187 billion tonnes. There are 33 million tonnes of economically recoverable reserves available at operational and permitted mines, plus a further 344 million tonnes at mines in planning.

Is there any coal mines left in the UK?

Functioning deep mine and opencast coal mines in the United Kingdom (UK) 2000-2019. … The number of deep coal mines has been steadily falling from 33 in 2000, while the number of opencast sites, which remain more common, has varied a lot more.

What caused winter of discontent?

It was characterised by widespread strikes by private, and later public, sector trade unions demanding pay rises greater than the limits Prime Minister James Callaghan and his Labour Party government had been imposing, against Trades Union Congress (TUC) opposition, to control inflation.

How long did the miners strike last in England?

The UK miners’ strike of 1969 was an unofficial strike that involved 140 of the 307 collieries owned by the National Coal Board, including all collieries in the Yorkshire area. The strike began on 13 October 1969 and lasted for roughly two weeks, with some pits returning to work before others.

How many hours do miners work a day?

Today, miners often work four, five or even seven 12-hour days, followed by four or five days off, followed by four or five 12-hour nights.

How dangerous is being a miner?

Miners are regularly exposed to harmful contaminants in the air such as silica dust and other mineral dust. This puts them at a greater risk of developing respiratory illnesses such as pneumoconiosis, aka the black lung and silicosis over a long period of time.

What caused the 3 day week?

The Three-Day Week was one of several measures introduced in the United Kingdom by the Conservative government at the time to conserve electricity, the generation of which was severely restricted owing to the effects of the 1973–74 oil crisis on transportation and inflation.

Why did coal mining decline in the UK?

Reasons for the Decline in the UK Coal industry. … From the 1960s, the UK discovered cheaper sources of energy, such as north sea gas and oil. Also the nuclear power industry provided a new source of energy. With new energy sources, we became less dependent on coal.

When did Britain have a blackout?

The 2003 London blackout was a serious power outage that occurred in parts of southern London and north-west Kent on 28 August 2003. It was the largest blackout in South East England since the Great Storm of 1987, affecting an estimated 500,000 people. Power went off at about 18:26 British Summer Time.

How much did miners get paid in the 1800’s?

His wages are a trifle over $10 a week for six full days. Before the strike of 1900 he was paid in this region $1.70 per day, or $10.20 a week. If the ten per cent raise had been given, as we expected, his wages would be $1.87 per day, or $11.22 per week, or an increase of $1.02 per week.

How many mines did Thatcher close?

In early 1984, the Conservative government of Margaret Thatcher announced plans to close 20 coal pits which led to the year-long miners’ strike which ended in March 1985.